A new eruption commenced in the Leilani Estates subdivision in the lower East Rift Zone on May 3, 2018, following days of increased earthquake activity and ground deformation. [48] On May 19 some of the fissures had merged into a line of fountaining lava, with a lava flow split into separate lobes. [88] On July 16, a further 23 were injured when a tour boat carrying passengers observing a lava ocean entry was pelted by lava rocks thrown by an intense hydrovolcanic explosion, including a large lava rock that pierced through the boat's roof. [54] On May 27, one of the 11 geothermal wells at the PGV was covered by the advancing lava flow from the Leilani Estates fissures,[55][56] the first time lava had covered a geothermal well,[57] followed by a second well hours later, along with ten more structures in the adjacent Leilani Estates. On May 3, 2018, after a 5.0 earthquake earlier in the day, steaming ground cracks opened in Leilani Estates and began to spew lava, causing evacuations of the Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens subdivisions. This guide to the Hawaii Kilauea Volcano Eruption Of 2018 will be continuously updated with information and photos of the ongoing eruption so we can help bring awareness to the situation that residents of the Big Island are facing. The central feature of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Kilauea (“Much Spreading” in Hawaiian), is an elongated dome built of lava eruptions from a central crater and from lines of craters extending along east and southwest rifts, or fissures. [81], As the area of destruction grew significantly as a result of fissure 8's resurgence in late-May 2018, access to surviving sections of Leilani Estate within immediate proximity to the margins of the lava field began to be heavily restricted starting May 31. By May 27, 2018, 24 fissures had erupted lava in and near the Leilani Estates and Lanipuna Gardens subdivisions. An explosive eruption at Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano has sent ash 30,000ft (9,100m) into the sky. For decades the volcano has erupted, for the most part a safe distance from populated areas of the island. Several first responders were sickened by sulfur dioxide gas. (Credit: Bruce Houghton) At the summit, a vent within Halema‘uma‘u hosted an active lava pond and vigorous gas plume from 2008 to 2018. Pressurized magma reservoir within the east rift zone of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai ‘i: Evidence for relaxed stress changes from the 1975 Kalapana earthquake. Mario Tama / Getty We partner with people around the world to incorporate Earth observations into their work. Thirteen were treated at the hospital, including three who were admitted with unspecified injuries and one in serious condition with a broken thigh bone. JUST … [62], In addition to the draining of Puʻu ʻŌʻō, the protracted release of lava along the Lower East Rift Zone has also led to significant drainage of lava away from Halemaʻumaʻu at Kīlauea, resulting in large scale inward slumping and collapse around the crater and regular earthquakes since May 17, similar in pattern to the crater's slumping during the 1924 event. Kilauea, also called Mount Kilauea, the world’s most active volcanic mass, located on the southeastern part of the island of Hawaii, Hawaii state, U.S. [71] The official toll of houses reached 700 on July 9, leaving 3 houses left standing in Kapoho. As the frequency and intensity of weather-related hazards increase, international demand for disaster risk-reduction and community resilience measures continues to rise. Eruptions in the East Rift Zone of Kilauea volcano began in early May, 2018. [43] Starting May 23, two CH-53E Super Stallion helicopters were on standby in Hilo in case of sudden evacuation needs. If you’re in the area, know what to do in case of an ashfall. HVO has recorded shallow earthquakes in this area for many decades across several eruptive cycles at Kīlauea. Fissure eruptions produced lava fountains up to 200 feet high, emissions of sulfur dioxide gas, and lava flows that covered thousands of acres destroying roads, homes and infrastructure. [77], As of July 21, 2018, the lava flow from fissure 8 was estimated to be a steady 26,000 US gallons per second (98 m3/s), according to the U.S. Geological Survey, which also stated that the most likely scenario was that lava effusion would continue at a steady rate for several months to two years. Kilauea’s epilogue arrived on Dec. 6, when the USGS declared that it was “very unlikely” the 2018 eruption at the rift zone would resume. HST.[41]. [17][18], On April 30, 2018, the crater floor of the cone of Puʻu ʻŌʻō collapsed and the summit lava lake level in Halemaʻumaʻu dropped significantly. [79] On August 15, 2018, the lower east rift zone eruption was reported to have subsided, with no new lava entering the channel from fissure 8 in over a week. It was an eruption that was unexpected in many ways: the massive volume of lava erupted, the location that the many vents formed far from the summit and the collapse … Magma still exists beneath the summit and rift zone. [35], Also on May 7, the International Charter on Space and Major Disasters was activated, for humanitarian use of satellite data. Neal et al. Know what to do in case of an ashfall Posted on May 11, 2018 in 2018 Kilauea Eruption, Declared Disasters, Information and News Releases, Main Volcanic activity in Kilauea crater could result in an explosion that sends an ash plume into the atmosphere. [25], A 6.9 magnitude earthquake occurred on May 4[29] that the United States Geological Survey said was related to the eruptions. Kilauea, also called Mount Kilauea, the world’s most active volcanic mass, located on the southeastern part of the island of Hawaii, Hawaii state, U.S. The pool of lava in Leilani Estates eventually spilled eastwards into two paths, one short-lived route running southeast parallel to lava channels headed for the ocean, and another travelling northeast, crossing Pohoiki Road over the western boundaries of the Puna Geothermal Venture. On May 3rd 2018, the Kilauea volcano on Hawaii’s Big Island erupted from new fissures and sent lava flowing over streets and neighborhoods. That evening, Hawaii Governor David Ige activated the state National Guard to help with the evacuation process. Kīlauea ranks among the world's most active volcanoes and may even top the list. [33] The lava vents formed a northeast/southwest line;[31] officials were concerned about potential damage to a water main in the area. [3][4] The eruption forced the evacuation of approximately two thousand residents. 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